While widespread cannabis use may seem like a relatively new idea, cannabis use has been around in the world longer than most modern countries. Methods of application and consumption vary, but cannabis has long been used recreationally, medicinally, and religiously throughout the ancient world and up through the present.
Written records of cannabis use are rather limited, but researchers believe that ancient cannabis was consumed orally or by burning and inhaling the dried plants for medicinal or religious purposes. While scientists disagree on when cannabis use truly began, most believe that people began to use the plant sometime between 2000 to 500 B.C.E. – but exact dates and locations are widely debated.
Many scientists believe that evidence found in central Eurasia indicate the region may have seen the plant’s earliest introduction into civilization around 500 B.C.E. Cannabis is indigenous to the cool, wet, mountainous regions of modern-day China, but it remains unknown when people began to cultivate the plant to increase THC levels. Recent discoveries of cannabis remnants in burial sites in northwest China imply medicinal or ritualistic use, but more research would be necessary to truly understand cannabis’ role in these ancient societies.
Some researchers believe that cannabis use may have begun even earlier in Mesopotamia, a region of Western Asia where modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, and Turkey reside. Relying only on the written word of clay tablets dated as far back as 1000 B.C.E., many believe the cuneiform (an ancient form of written language) describes cannabis’ use in medicine to treat depression and other ailments, as well as its use in incense for religious ceremonies. These records also indicate that products of the plant may have been traded with Egypt and Judaea.
It is believed that cannabis may have been introduced to the Mesopotamians by the peoples of modern-day Afghanistan and Turkmenistan, where their early religion of Zoroastrianism utilized cannabis in ceremonial drinks between 2000-700B.C.E. From here, cannabis and cannabis-infused religious drinks were exported along the Silk Road, finding their way to India, Egypt, and throughout Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire.
Ancient Indian writing indicates that the earliest use of cannabis medicinally began around 1600 B.C.E. for anxiety and other conditions. Hieroglyphics found in Egypt predate many other cultures and suggest cannabis or hemp use in pharmaceuticals as early as 2350 B.C.E.
Some researchers believe that the Bible and other Hebrew texts also indicate cannabis’ use before the Common Era in Judaea and the Roman Empire as early as 900-800 B.C.E. Cannabis may have been an ingredient in holy incense and anointing oils mentioned in Exodus, and other Hebrew texts contain recipes for cannabis-infused wine.
The Greek historian Herodotus also wrote about the plant’s various uses around 500 B.C.E. He described the Scythian nomads, who frequently traveled along the Silk Road, who inhaled cannabis burned on hot coals inside tents. Cannabis use spread throughout Ancient Greece for use recreationally, medicinally, and religiously where artifacts found in temples and burial sites seem to confirm Herodotus’ accounts.
While much is still unknown about early cultures’ uses of cannabis, recent discoveries and historical texts make it evident that cannabis has been an integral part of many ancient people’s cultures, religions, and lives. Although modern society is slowly warming up to widespread acceptance of cannabis, the historical uses of the plant offer insight into its rebirth as a pharmaceutical treatment and recreational substance.
Door hardware is an important aspect of every security plan, yet it is often overlooked. Door hardware technology and equipment has advanced drastically in the past century and new developments are frequently entering the market. One well-known company that has been at the forefront of these innovations is Schlage, a brand from Allegion. This year, Schlage is celebrating 100 years of door hardware innovations, from the original door lock in 1909 to the electronic locking mechanisms that have now become commonplace. Thank you for your contributions to the security industry!
Check out some of Schlage's greatest contributions to door hardware below or read the full article here.
Security technology is constantly advancing – especially in the cannabis industry. The cannabis industry has only been around legally for a few years, but, like other high-risk businesses, cannabis business owners are having to learn to proactively monitor and enhance their facility’s security.
Some recent innovations and emerging technologies are changing the ways that cannabis businesses secure their products and facilities. Many of these promising technologies are implemented to strengthen physical security, augment cybersecurity measures, and improve business productivity and efficiency. Designed for high-risk businesses like jewelry stores, these technological advancements are well suited to impact the rapidly expanding cannabis industry.
Video Surveillance as a Service
Many external alarm monitoring companies are also contracted to monitor video surveillance, and cannabis businesses are already required by law to house surveillance equipment and onsite (and sometimes additionally off-site) archives of footage. But this service is only valuable if someone is watching the footage in real-time.
Oftentimes the use of a third-party monitoring company is beneficial. As an already established workforce, these professionals will have already completed training and will have developed best practices and procedures. Outsourcing this service can provide workers without the need for internal HR concerns or insurance issues and can be financially beneficial for many companies.
Although it can be beneficial, the use of third-party monitoring companies is not without its vulnerabilities. It is possible that the third-party company may have a less than reliable operator behind the surveillance controls. And if a burglary occurs, the consequences are on the business’ end and not the third-party. To avoid this potentially detrimental scenario, it would be wise to vet the provider and perhaps speak personally with current or former clients.
Robots and Drones
Drones and robots are showing up in several industries, not only as a supplement to the existing workforce, but also as a replacement for a human employee. Some jobs or tasks are too dangerous to risk human lives (i.e. bomb diffusion), and other jobs can simply be done more efficiently by a robot (i.e. analytical tasks). While drones and robots are still in the early stages, it’s likely that these will become increasingly common in the workplace soon.
While robots are less common in the cannabis industry, businesses like Amazon are already using them for automated retrieval systems and limited deliveries. As the technology advances, their implementation into the cannabis industry could apply to checking in customers and visitors and verifying IDs, managing and controlling inventories, and even cannabis deliveries.
Drones have already made a strong entrance into the cannabis industry, specifically for outdoor cultivations and grows. Drones can effectively monitor security by conducting risk assessments of a property or facility and checking for signs of break-ins or damage quickly without employees physically traveling acres of farmland or into potentially dangerous situations. Drones can also be used to manage crops by counting plants, monitoring plant maturity and growth, or spraying fields. Higher tech drones with AI can also use “Smart Farming” to scan for surface indicators of stress or molds, use analytics to determine cannabis strains, and identify optimal planting and harvest opportunities.
Deep Analytical Tools
Deep analytics occurs when large amounts of information, often from multiple sources, is analyzed and organized to provide key insights into an individual user, group of users, or company as a whole. Deep analytics produces vast amounts of data which can improve everything from a business’ security to its productivity.
Deep analytics can be applied to improve physical security by implementing an additional layer of verification on access-controlled doors and devices. Most cannabis facilities are required by state regulations to implement access control on means of ingress and use either keypads with individual codes or a physical identification card to be swiped. Although unique to each user, compromised user credentials are often the cause of illegal criminal access to restricted facilities. Physical identification cards can be lost or misplaced and codes can be shared, but access systems that analyze additional information to verify authentication when a card or keypad is used offer an extra layer of protection.
Analytics is also starting to be utilized as a means of threat detection and could drastically change the way cannabis businesses secure their facilities. A smart analytics system can use video surveillance to create profiles for employees, customers, and vendors and can examine their actions to identify risky behaviors and potential threats. It’s nearly impossible for any security team to monitor all concerns at all times, but integrating a smart system can improve the ability to detect threats before they occur and can be used following an event to investigate an incident much more efficiently.
Even if a facility is burglarized while security personnel are not on the premises, deep analytics systems are immediately working to apprehend the suspects using user identification and threat detection capabilities. Some systems also utilize smart objects, like GPS enabled containers, that are triggered by removal from the facility and ping their location every few seconds.
Deep analytics creates an extra layer of protection that can secure a facility no matter the time. As technology evolves and the capabilities of potential thieves increases, it becomes even more important to use every tool available to create a secure environment.
Since security technology is continuously advancing, it is important for business owners in the cannabis industry, as well as other high-risk businesses, to monitor these advancements and look for ways to implement them. In the security world, it is better to be proactive than to wait for an incident or robbery to occur. Cannabis business owners shouldn’t rely on existing equipment to secure their valuable products, employees, and facilities, but should constantly be looking for emerging technologies and new ways to stay safe and stay profitable.